Roses require rich soil…Use fertilizer recommended for Roses as it contains necessary trace mineral that will produce good results; water regularly & deep.
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Bold means new – Hardy Shrub Roses tolerate a wide range of conditions, but usually prefer an open site in full sun. FM/Hr/Wd soil DH-deadhead; CTS-continuous – $25.99.
Use a proper Rose fertilizer for best results and don’t splash water on the leaves. Roses are heavy feeders and require a water soluble fertilizer like PEI fish fertilizer or other water soluble every three weeks. Always make sure that the liquid goes right to the root. This is good info for any plant! Top dressing would be much better and we recommend this as roses are heavy feeders. The proper roses food suggested is made specifically for roses and contains the necessary trace elements needed by the plant to perform well.
Floribundas/Austins are continuous bloomers. Add a handful of Epsom Salts every 2-3 weeks. Apply on the drip line.
Climbing /Rugosa/Minature/Hedging roses blooms on old wood. If you prune in the spring you will have no flowers that season.
Growing climbing roses requires training as they will usually grow quite wayward. Use a good sturdy trellis & ties that will degrade over the years. The plant must be tied as it grow & some pruning will be required to keep the plant in a somewhat reasonable size. A dead tree would be a perfect trellis.
Perhaps Rugosa Rose is the most popular species used for hedging. It is dense, hardy, colorful & has healthy foliage.
Hybrid T/Grandifloras/Floribundas/English roses need to be cut back to 8-12″ from the ground in the very very late fall/early winter[toavoid the wind shaking the roots loose]. If you prune too early in the fall they can think it is spring and start to put out new growth which of course will freeze out.
Black Spot & powdery mildew -use a fungicide-Defender is a good rose product for rose care.
Don’t water on the leaves and be especially careful when the sun is out. Defender is a good product for rose care.
Clay soil is usually recommended for planting because of it’s ability to hold water. You will have to use organic matter to make your soil more pliable Two sources would be ‘real’ old fashion aged manure is the best [or store bought stuff would work but no cheapies]or compost, always well broken down. Peat moss is always a valuable soil conditioner. Roses must have a consistent supply of water and nutrients to grow.